six months. leave, and the resignation was accepted, to take effect September 6, 1853. Being then a citizen, I engaged a passage out to California...” 3 in order to oversee the construction of a new bank building which opened July 11, 1854. In 1857, he withdrew from Californian affairs. In 1859, the state of Louisiana proposing to establish a military
college appointed Sherman as its superintendent. In 1860, it became the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy, a precursor to Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge. Sherman remained there until the Spring of 1861 when Louisiana join the states seceding from the Union. He then resigned, volunteering for duty in the United States Army in May 1861.
destruction. Sherman truly believed that to win the war, his Army would have to break the South's will to fight. Everything was ordered to be destroyed in this military strategy. known as “total war.”
Because of “The continued advance of the Federal troops under Sherman brought the people of Savannah to a realization of the fact
the book entitled, History of Savannah and South Georgia, Volume 1, it describes this, “In view of the large force of the enemy—consisting of nine regiments, whose aggregate strength was estimated between 3,500 and 4,000 muskets, and possessing the ability to increase it at any time should it become necessary and recollecting the feebleness of the garrison of the fort, numbering 150 effective men, it was evident, cut off from all support, and with no possible hope of reinforcement from any quarter, that holding the fort was simply a question of time. There was but one alternative—death or captivity.” 9 Now – here is the bottom line, “The fort was never surrendered. It was captured by overwhelming numbers.” 10 “The garrison lost seventeen killed and thirty-one wounded.” 11
statement, “War is Hell.” First at Jackson, Mississippi in 1863 and second in a speech at the Military Academy in 1879. Now, whether he really said it or not, this phrase well expressed Sherman's feelings toward violent conflict.
his book, Personal Reminiscences Of The War Of 1861-5, “It will not be many years before the last one of us shall have answered the final roll call. May we all meet again in a better world, where there is no war, is my fervent prayer. War is horrible. General Sherman said, ‘War is hell.' Few, if any, did more than William Tecumseh Sherman to make war hell, and if I had to guess, I should say that ere now Sherman knows all about the horrors of both—war and hell. There may be something in a name after all. ‘Tecumseh!’ The savage.” 13
according the book entitled Life And Military Career Of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman, published in 1868. It says, “William Tecumseh was born February 8th, 1820. It was quite difficult to decide upon a name for the boy. ‘What shall we call him?’ was the topic of much domestic chat. Two or three favorite names were suggested and discussed, but still the child was nameless. One day the father, who had seen the Indian chieftain Tecumseh, and admired that really great man, came in and said, ‘I have the name of a better man than either we have mentioned.’ The eye and ear of those around the cradle were turned to know whom he could be. The bright boy only seemed to have no interest in the matter. ‘Tecumseh, we will name him,’ was the almost startling announcement. It was softened down to the tone of civilized life by the addition of William.” 14
Well, here is a start, with Sherman writing a letter to General James Blair Steedman, who was command of the District of Etowah and Chattanooga, “GENERAL: In the Field, Big Shanty, June 23,1864. – As the question may arise, and you have a right to the support of my authority, I now decide that the use of the torpedo is justifiable in war in advance of an army, so as to make his advance up a river or over a road more dangerous and difficult. But after the adversary has gained the country by fair warlike means, then the case entirely changes. The use of torpedoes in blowing up our cars and the road after they are in our possession, is simply malicious. It cannot alter the great problem, but simply makes trouble. Now, if torpedoes are found in the possession of an enemy to our rear, you may cause them to be put on the ground and tested by wagon-loads of prisoners, or, if need be, citizens implicated in their use. In like manner, if a torpedo is suspected on any part of the road, order the point to be tested by a car-load of prisoners, or citizens implicated, drawn by a long rope. Of course an enemy cannot complain of his own traps – W. T. Sherman, Major-General, Commanding.” 21
Watkins – at Calhoun, Georgia – on October 29, 1864, “Can you not send over to Fairmount and Adairsville, burn 10 or 12 houses of known secessionists, kill a few at random and let them know it will be repeated every time a train is fired upon from Resaca to Kingston.” 22
Thomas, on November 1, 1864, “Make a report to me as soon as possible of what troops you now have in Tennessee’ what are expected, and how disposed. I propose with the Armies of the Tennessee, the Ohio, and two corps of yours, to sally forth and make a hole in Georgia that will be hard to mend.” 24
give you these words from this gentle giant – Robert Edward Lee...