Skip to main content


The Life of Lieutenant General Richard Heron Anderson of the Confederate States Army by Richard Heron Anderson

The Life of Lieutenant General Richard Heron Anderson of the Confederate States Army

C. Irvine Walker



"O, all-preparing Providence divine,
In thy large book what secrets are enrolled
What sundry helps doth thy great power assign,
To prop the course which thou intendest to hold ?
What mortal sense is able to define
Thy mysteries, thy counsels manifold?
It is thy wisdom strangely that extends
Obscure proceedings to apparent ends."

The shot which dropped on Fort Sumter from the Confederate gun on the morning of April 11, 1861, awoke the people of the United States, and its echoes will go rumbling down all future ages. It changed the destinies of our country. It struck off the swaddling clothes from the infant United States and made it, nationally, a man. It made a Nation of an agglomeration of State atomies. How little did the Confederates realize its import.

"There's a destiny that shapes our ends,
Rough hew them how we will."

The Confederates had purposes, "rough-hewed" perhaps, but Providence shaped them otherwise. God knows best what is for our good. May the eventualities of the War tend for the good of our country. The United States owes the Confederacy a huge debt.


This debt was the natural evolvement from the act of secession and the consequent War of coercion. In the development of Nations, events produce results and such results are often not such as were intended. The Confederate States were moved by a patriotic spirit, in defence of their State and popular rights, to withdraw from the Union. Such was their intention. The result to the United States was to change its government from a federal republic of sovereign States into a strong centralized Nation one far better fitted for development and particularly as a World Power. The Confederates, of course, did not fight for this, but the measures necessary to make the coercive War successful, brought about this result.

This Nation is now engaged in a worldwide war. Is it possible that the old federal republic would have been able to do this? It may have repulsed invasion, but it never would have been able and most likely not willing to offensively participate in such a struggle. Had the governmental methods of 1861 been continued, the Country never would have had the ability to take part in a grand upholding of the highest right of man freedom. The secession of the Southern States, and the resultant war, by their natural evolution, brought about a revolution which has made this Nation what it is today. If the old Federal system, destroyed by the withdrawal of the Southern States, had continued in existence, our National weakness would have been scoffed at by the great Powers of the World, and this Country could never have become a World Power, with a great destiny in shaping the fortunes of all mankind. The world is today engaged in a terrific struggle for free government, the right of the people to govern themselves. The very principle for which the Confederates so gallantly fought, but alas, had not the strength to defend. The principle lives, though the Confederacy is dead! This struggle comes of the worldwide advance of progressive idea, government by the people, for the people, inaugurated by our eternal Declaration of Independence. The United States is the leading Democracy of the World, and her proper place is beside the other great free Nations, struggling against the socalled "God given rights of royalty to rule." How could she have taken this stand without national power? That National power was the legitimate consequence of the struggle to crush the Confederacy, the secession of whose States brought all this to pass. Therefore the conclusion is just and correct, that the secession of the Southern States was the actuating cause, unintentional though it was, of the present virility and grandeur and power of the United States. How did this give this wonderful material strength? By the development of our illimitable resources, possible only under the changed character of our government and so changed by the War. Never could the political theories of 1861 have made such results possible. All great advances in civilization, culture and even religion, have been made in bloodshed. We, of the South, have paid a heavy penalty, but it is hoped that our children may enjoy the blessings of the vigor, self-reliance and self-support which our sufferings have brought to our Country.

So the South has the consolation of knowing that however unintentional, their action in seceding, made possible the United States of today, and that is the debt the Country owes to the Secessionists.

C. Irvine Walker, The Life of Lieutenant General Richard Heron Anderson of the Confederate States Army (Charleston: Art Publishing Company, 1917), 56-58.


Popular posts from this blog

Origin of the Confederate Battle Flag

Origin of the Confederate Battle Flag

[The facts concerning the origin of the battle flag contained in this article are derived from a speech by General Beauregard before a special meeting of Louisiana Division, Army of Northern Virginia Association, December 6, 1878.—EDITOR.]
This banner, the witness and inspiration of many victories, which was proudly borne on every field from enemy. General Beauregard was momentarily expecting help from the right, and the uncertainty and anxiety of this hour amounted to anguish.
Still the column pressed on. Calling a staff officer, General Beauregard instructed him to go at once to General Johnston, at the Lewis house, and say that the enemy were receiving heavy re-enforcements, that the troops on the plateau were very much scattered, and that he would be compelled to retire to the Lewis house and there reform hoping that the troops ordered up from the right would arrive in time to enable him to establish and hold the new line.
Meanwhile, the unknown t…

Was the War Between the States Fought Over Slavery? By Dr. Richard Lee Montgomery

Was the War Between the States Fought Over Slavery? By Dr. Richard Lee Montgomery

True or false? Abraham Lincoln gave us the answer. When asked in March of 1861 by a newspaper reporter at a Virginia Compromise Delegation, “Why not let the South go?” Abraham Lincoln replied, “Let the South go? Let the South go! Where then shall we gain our revenues?” 1 Why would President Lincoln say such a thing? Well, it’s because he was alluding to the fact that the South paid 85 percent of the tax (Tariffs) burden of the nation. Lincoln sensed total financial ruin for the North so he waged war on the South.
In fact, the notion that the war was fought over slavery is so far from the truth and yet this interpretation has taught so many generations a deceptive lie. Even across the Atlantic Ocean in England, Charles Dickens, in 1862 said, “The Northern onslaught upon slavery was no more than a piece of specious humbug designed to conceal its desire for economic control of the Southern states. Secession by …

The Southern Baptist Convention & The Confederate States by Dr. Richard Lee Montgomery

The Southern Baptist Convention &  The Confederate States by Dr. Richard Lee Montgomery
Now, to begin with, as far back as I can remember, I was raised a Southern Baptist in Corpus Christi, Texas. I heard the Gospel preached at Lindale Baptist Church and it was there, that the mercy and grace of God was extended to me and it was there that the Lord Jesus Christ regenerated my soul and it was there that I was saved and in obedience to my Lord, I received a believers baptism. As a Junior in high school, I received the call of God to serve the Lord Jesus in ministry. To prepare for this call, I attended Southern Baptist institutions: Howard Payne College and Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary and graduated from both. I have served in Southern Baptist
Churches in both Texas and Wyoming, for twenty six plus years. Point is, Southern Baptist principles, theology and history, played a pivotal roll in my life. 

Also important, is the fact that, as I grew up, I was not ignorant of words…