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Confederate & Union Soldiers Had Slaves Compiled by Dr. Richard Lee Montgomery

Confederate & Union Soldiers Had Slaves
Compiled by
Dr. Richard Lee Montgomery

“They do not tell that General Grant, a slaveholder, was put as leader of the Northern Army and General Lee, who had freed his slaves, as the leader of the Southern Army, but they do say that the war was fought to hold the slaves yet do not tell that only 200,000 slaveholders were in the Southern Army, while 315,000 slaveholders were in the Northern Army.”
Mildred Lewis Rutherford, Truths of History: A Fair, Unbiased, Impartial, Unprejudiced and Conscientious Study of History. Object: To Secure a Peaceful Settlement of the Many Perplexing Questions Now Causing Contention Between the North and the South (Athens, Georgia, 1920), iv.

By Fannie Eoline Selph: “The War between the States was not caused by the question of the emancipation of the slaves, nor did it begin with the firing on Fort Sumter. The cause and its declaration centered in the order issued by Abraham Lincoln for 2,400 men and 265 guns for the defense of Sumter, followed by his call for 75,000 troops to coerce
the South back into the Union.
The determination expressed by Lincoln in his inaugural address to hold and occupy and possess the property and places belonging to the United States precipitated the outbreak, and his determination to collect duties and imports was practically an announcement of an offensive war. (Hosmer’s History of the American Nation, Volume XX, page 20.)
The attempt to reinforce Sumter will provoke war. The very preparation of such an expedition will precipitate war. I would instruct Anderson to return from Sumter. (Secretary
William Seward in Lincoln’s Cabinet.)
That the war was not waged for the emancipation of the slaves has an unanswerable argument in the fact that General Grant, the commander of the Union forces, was a slaveholder and retained possession of his slaves until freed by the war. General Lee, commander of the Confederate forces, freed his slaves before the war.
Another strong argument is in the fact that there were 315,000 slaveholders in the North and non-seceding States and only 200,000 in the Confederacy.
The war was inaugurated by the North and defended on an unconstitutional basis. (The Opening of the Twentieth Century.)
The North waged war to coerce the South back into the Union. Southern men fought a defensive war for States rights and State sovereignty with a holy ardor and self-denying
patriotism that have covered even defeat with imperishable glory. (Charles Beecher Stowe.)”
S. A. Cunningham,Confederate Veteran, Volume 28 (S.A. Cunningham, 1920), 463.

“Had the vote been taken in 1860, there would have been more votes against the abolition of slavery in the North than in the South. There were 318,000 slaveholders or sons of slaveholders in the Northern army, men who enlisted from the border State- Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Maryland— besides those from Illinois, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. There were only 200,000 slaveholders in the Southern army. Only five men out of every one hundred owned slaves in the South.”
Confederate Veteran, Volume 23 (S.A. Cunningham, 1915), 283.

“4. Why did the South eventually become possessed of more slaves than the North?
4. The manufactories of the North required more intelligent labor, the agricultural interest of the South, together with its climate, was better suited to the negroes, and Northerners sold
their slaves to Southerners.
5. What great religious teacher's influence induced Georgia to permit slavery?
5. George Whitefield. He said the negroes were in a far better condition in Georgia where he found many converted to Christianity than they were in Africa, and if they were converted in America they would Christianize Africa. In 1861 there were four hundred and eighty-eight thousand Christian negroes in the South. The statistics give Baptist 220,000, Methodist 200,000, Presbyterian 31,000, Episcopalians 7,000, and 30,000 unclassified Christians. 
6. What does this record show?
6. The wonderful missionary work of Southern slave holders.
7. Did all Southerners believe in slavery?
7. Many believed in gradual emancipation. Others in colonizing them in Africa. Sometimes slaves were freed. Gen. Lee freed his before the war.
8. Were all Southerners slave holders? 
8. Two-thirds of the men in the Confederate army never owned a slave. There were 318,000 slave holders, or sons of slave holders, in the Northern armies.”
Isabella Remshart Redding, My Beloved Country (Savannah: Braid & Hutton, Printers, 1918), 35.


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